How do Electric Vehicles (EV) work ?
Electric vehicle (EV) function by plugging into a charge point and taking electricity from the grid. They store the electricity in rechargeable batteries that power an electric motor, which turns the wheels. Electric cars accelerate faster than vehicles with traditional fuel engines – so they feel lighter to drive.
There are a few different types of electric vehicle (EV). Some run purely on electricity, these are called pure electric vehicles. And some can also be run on petrol or diesel, these are called hybrid electric vehicles.
1.1 Parts of an Electric Vehicle (EV)
- Electric Engine/Motor – Provides power to rotate the wheels. It can be DC/AC type, however, AC motors are more common.
- Inverter – Converts the electric current in the form of Direct Current (DC) into Alternating Current (AC)
- Drive train – EVs have a single-speed transmission which sends power from the motor to the wheels.
- Batteries – Store the electricity required to run an EV. The higher the kW of the battery, the higher the range.
- Charging – Plug into an outlet or EV charging point to charge your battery.
1.2 Charging of an Electric Vehicle (EV)
- Three pin plug – a standard three-pin plug that can be connected to any 13 amp socket.
- Socketed – a charge point where you can connect either a Type 1 or Type 2 cable.
- Tethered – a charge point with a cable attached with either a Type 1 or Type 2 connector.